mysqlhotcopy is a Perl script that was
originally written and contributed by Tim Bunce. It uses
LOCK TABLES, and
scp to make a
database backup. It is a fast way to make a backup of the
database or single tables, but it can be run only on the same
machine where the database directories are located.
mysqlhotcopy works only for backing up
It runs on Unix and NetWare.
To use mysqlhotcopy, you must have read
access to the files for the tables that you are backing up, the
SELECT privilege for those
RELOAD privilege (to
be able to execute
TABLES), and the
TABLES privilege (to be able to lock the tables).
Back up tables in the given database that match a regular expression:
The regular expression for the table name can be negated by
prefixing it with a tilde (“
mysqlhotcopy supports the following options,
which can be specified on the command line or in the
[client] option file groups.
|--addtodest||addtodest||Do not rename target directory (if it exists); merely add files to it|
|--allowold||allowold||Do not abort if a target exists; rename it by adding an _old suffix|
|--checkpoint=db_name.tbl_name||checkpoint||Insert checkpoint entries|
|--chroot=path||chroot||Base directory of the chroot jail in which mysqld operates|
|--debug||debug||Write a debugging log|
|--dryrun||dryrun||Report actions without performing them|
|--flushlog||flushlog||Flush logs after all tables are locked|
|--help||Display help message and exit|
|--host=host_name||host||Connect to the MySQL server on the given host|
|--keepold||keepold||Do not delete previous (renamed) target when done|
|--noindices||noindices||Do not include full index files in the backup|
|--password[=password]||password||The password to use when connecting to the server|
|--port=port_num||port||The TCP/IP port number to use for the connection|
|--quiet||quiet||Be silent except for errors|
|--regexp||regexp||Copy all databases with names that match the given regular expression|
|--resetmaster||resetmaster||Reset the binary log after locking all the tables|
|--resetslave||resetslave||Reset the master.info file after locking all the tables|
|--socket=path||socket||For connections to localhost|
|--tmpdir=path||tmpdir||The temporary directory|
|--user=user_name,||user||The MySQL user name to use when connecting to the server|
Display a help message and exit.
Do not rename target directory (if it exists); merely add files to it.
Do not abort if a target exists; rename it by adding an
Insert checkpoint entries into the specified database
db_name and table
Enable debug output.
Report actions without performing them.
Flush logs after all tables are locked.
The host name of the local host to use for making a TCP/IP
connection to the local server. By default, the connection
is made to
localhost using a Unix socket
Do not delete previous (renamed) target when done.
The method for copying files (
scp). The default is
Do not include full index files for
MyISAM tables in the backup.
This makes the backup smaller and faster. The indexes for
reloaded tables can be reconstructed later with
The password to use when connecting to the server. The password value is not optional for this option, unlike for other MySQL programs.
Specifying a password on the command line should be considered insecure. See Section 220.127.116.11, “End-User Guidelines for Password Security”. You can use an option file to avoid giving the password on the command line.
The TCP/IP port number to use when connecting to the local server.
Be silent except for errors.
Record master and slave status in the specified database
db_name and table
Copy all databases with names that match the given regular expression.
Reset the binary log after locking all the tables.
master.info file after
locking all the tables.
The Unix socket file to use for connections to
The suffix to use for names of copied databases.
The temporary directory. The default is
The MySQL user name to use when connecting to the server.
MySQL Enterprise. MySQL Enterprise subscribers will find more information about mysqlhotcopy in the Knowledge Base article, How Does mysqlhotcopy Work?. Access to the MySQL Knowledge Base collection of articles is one of the advantages of subscribing to MySQL Enterprise. For more information, see http://www.mysql.com/products/enterprise/advisors.html.